Law enforcement funeral traditions and customs are put in place to honor active, retired, or non-line-of-duty officers. After the family has been notified in person of the passing of their loved one, a police liaison will inform them of what customs can be performed at the funeral if wanted and if resources allow for it.
Common Police Funeral Traditions
A variety of police funeral traditions and customs may be offered to the family of the deceased if he or she was active in the line of duty, retired, or a non-line-of-duty employee. Special customs may be offered to deceased immediate family members of police officers as well. Police funeral customs may vary depending on each specific police department's traditions. Typically, only a sworn in officer who dies in the line of duty is given a formal police funeral. The order of service at a formal (all honors and traditions) police funeral may look like:
- A speaker opens with an introduction. A family member, member of the clergy, a friend, or fellow officer may make this opening statement depending on the family's wants.
- A prayer may be recited if the family would like.
- Funeral music may be played.
- Eulogies may be given by officers, friends, and family members.
- Members of the city council or the mayor may give a speech.
- Police traditions and customs are followed based on the family's wishes and police department's resources.
- Casket flag or drape is removed, folded and given to the family.
- The casket is carried by pallbearers for burial.
Family Liaison Officer
The family liaison officer is assigned to the deceased officer's family as a point of contact and is typically someone who the family is familiar with and comfortable with. The FLO assists the family in terms of appropriate support, assistance with transportation to the funeral ceremony, and anything else the family may need during their time of mourning. They may also discuss police funeral traditions with the family and help them decide what they'd feel comfortable with.
Traffic Coordinator and Formation and Movements Officer
These two appointed individuals work together to coordinate the procession route and the accompanying traffic that may result. The traffic coordinator also assists with parking at the funeral service, as well as the cemetery. During the procession, there may be an abundance of police cars and police motorcycles in the procession line, honoring the fallen officer. If you see a police funeral procession, be sure to yield to them until the last car has passed.
Police Funeral Last Call
The last radio call wording is typically unique based on the specific police department. The last call may take place once or several times after the passing of a police officer. If done more than once, officers may gather in the police department and have one dispatcher make the final call soon after the passing, and again closer to the funeral. After eulogies are given, they may also do a final call during the funeral ceremony, which is then followed by a moment of silence.
The Honor Guard may include up to 30 officers who are tasked with guarding the casket in shifts, acting as pallbearers, as well as acting as the color guard. If the family is comfortable with this, prior to the funeral beginning, two officers will guard the casket in 30 minute shifts. Those on the honor guard may also be assigned to guard the family's house prior to the funeral service.
Prior to the ceremony, the Color Guard meets up with the other members of the Honor Guard and presents the colors, otherwise known as flag or drape, to the family. The drape is placed specifically on the casket by the honor guard. At the end of the funeral service, the Color Guard removes the casket's flag or drape, folds it, and hands it to the family to keep.
Three Volley Salute
The three volley salute is when three shots are fired into the air by the Honor Guard. This custom is reserved for those who have served in the military as well as police officers. The three volley salute can also be confused with the 21-gun salute, which is typically reserved for military funerals.
21 Bells Ceremony
The 21 bell ceremony may replace the three volley salute if the family wishes not to hear shots fired. During this ceremony, bells are tolled 21 times, which is noted to be an extremely high honor.
Police aviators may be able to do a flyover towards the end of a police funeral. Typically one spot is left open, known as "missing man formation" to honor the officer who passed away. Five to seven planes may do a flyover, and helicopters have been seen doing flyovers in groups of about 10.
The songs Amazing Grace and Going Home are often played on the bagpipes to honor fallen police officers. This tradition was born out of the Irish Potato Famine when those of Irish descent were forced to take on more life endangering jobs (police officers, firefighters) due to discrimination in the United States. Playing bagpipes became synonymous with funerals and is widely utilized to honor those who passed in the line of duty.
Do Police Play Taps at Funerals?
Playing of taps is a sad, solo, bugle call that signifies that it is time for a final rest. If the police officer was affiliated in the military, this may be an honor that can be arranged at the funeral.
Types of Police Funerals
There are many options when it comes to police funerals. This may depend on the officer's standing, their family's wishes, and the police department's resources. Types of police funerals include formal (maximum amount of traditions and honors), non-formal (no traditions), private (only for close family and friends without traditions), and semi-formal (some traditions and honors). Categories of death that impact the potential funeral formality include:
- Line of duty death of a sworn employee: Police department coordination may include assistance with funeral planning, as well as full honors and traditions performed.
- Non-line-of-duty death of a sworn employee: Police department coordination may include a motorcycle escort and ceremonial honor guard present at the cemetery.
- Passing of a civilian employee: Police department coordination may include a funeral escort, transportation assistance, casket engraving, and police department attendance and participation in the service if wanted.
- A retired officer's death: Police department coordination may include an escort to the burial site, as well as police officer participation in the service if wanted.
- Death of an officer's family member: Police department coordination may include assistance with funeral planning, casket engraving, and police force participation if wanted.
Understanding Police Funeral Traditions
Aside from ceremonial traditions, officers may place black bunting on their police cars, wear black tape on their badge, and lower their flags to half mast during the mourning period and/or funeral service. Knowing what to expect and better understanding police funeral traditions and tributes can help you feel more prepared for this experience.